Java发送邮件 --- Apache Commns email

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Apache Commons Email(必须的三个Jar activation.jar commons-email-1.1.jar mail.jar)
一 、Apache Commons Email简介
Apache Commons Email是Apache提供的一个用于发送email 的API。 Email组件是构建在Java Mail API基础之上,是对Java Mail的封装。

二 、Apache Commons Email功能
1 发送普通文本格式邮件
2 发送可添加附件的、普通文本格式邮件
3 发送可添加附件的、HTML格式邮件

三 、Apache Commons Email使用
环境配置:Email组件是构建在Java Mail API基础之上,是对Java Mail的封装。因此在使用时,除了需要将Apache Commons Email本身的jar包引入外, 还需将javamail.jar加到 class path中。

Apache Commons Email主要包括以下4个类:
1 SimpleEmail ? 发送简单的email,不能添加附件。
2 MultiPartEmail ? 文本邮件,可以添加多个附件。
3 HtmlEmail ? HTML格式邮件,同时具有MultiPartEmail类所有“功能”。
4 EmailAttchment ? 附件类,可以添加本地资源,也可以指定网络上资源,在发送时自动将网络上资源下载发送。

//发送普通文本格式email:
SimpleEmail email = new SimpleEmail();
// 设置邮件编码
email.setCharset("UTF-8");
// 设置邮件服务器
email.setHostName("smtp.sohu.com");
// 设置登录邮件服务器用户名和密码
email.setAuthentication("zhangsan@sohu.com", "123456");
// 添加收件人
email.addTo("lisi@qq.com", "lisi");
// 设置发件人
email.setFrom("zhangsan@sohu.com", "zhangsan");
// 设置邮件标题
email.setSubject("Happy New Year");
// 设置邮件正文内容
email.setMsg("Hi, i'm zhangsan. Happy new year to you !");
// 发送邮件
email.send();

//发送带附件的、普通格式邮件:

MultiPartEmail email = new MultiPartEmail();
// 设置邮件编码
email.setCharset(“UTF-8”);
// 设置邮件服务器
email.setHostName(“smtp.sohu.com”);
// 设置登录邮件服务器用户名和密码
email.setAuthentication(“zhangsan@sohu.com”, “123456”);
// 添加收件人
email.addTo(“lisi@qq.com”, “lisi”);
// 设置发件人
email.setFrom(“zhangsan@sohu.com”, “zhangsan”);
// 设置邮件标题
email.setSubject(“Happy New Year”);
// 设置邮件正文内容
email.setMsg(“Hi, i’m zhangsan. Happy new year to you !”);
// 要发送的附件
EmailAttachment attachment = new EmailAttachment();
File file = new File(“D:\attachment.jar”);
attachment.setPath(file.getPath());
attachment.setName(file.getName());
// 设置附件描述
attachment.setDescription(“Attachment Description”);
// 设置附件类型
attachment.setDisposition(EmailAttachment.ATTACHMENT);
// 添加附件
email.attach(attachment);
// 发送邮件
email.send();

//发送带附件的、HTML格式邮件:

HtmlEmail email = new HtmlEmail();
// 设置邮件编码
email.setCharset(“UTF-8”);
// 设置邮件服务器
email.setHostName(“smtp.sohu.com”);
// 设置登录邮件服务器用户名和密码
email.setAuthentication(“zhangsan@sohu.com”, “123456”);
// 添加收件人
email.addTo(“lisi@qq.com”, “lisi”);
// 设置发件人
email.setFrom(“zhangsan@sohu.com”, “zhangsan”);
// 设置邮件标题
email.setSubject(“Happy New Year”);
// 设置邮件正文内容
email.setHtmlMsg(“Hi, i’m zhangsan.”);
EmailAttachment attachment = new EmailAttachment();
// 要发送的附件
File file = new File(“D:\attachment.jar”);
attachment.setPath(file.getPath());
attachment.setName(file.getName());
// 设置附件描述
attachment.setDescription(“Attachment Description”);
// 设置附件类型
attachment.setDisposition(EmailAttachment.ATTACHMENT);
// 添加附件
email.attach(attachment);
// 发送邮件
email.send();

//html格式内容,加附件的,自己写的方法
/** 
 * 文件名:		SendMultiPartEmail.java 
 * 
 * 版本信息: 	v1.0
 * 日期:		2011-6-27 
 * Copyright:  	Copyright(c) 2010
 * Corporation:	2011 
 * Company:		广州正道科技有限公司  
 */
package com.sily.sendEmail;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Properties;

import org.apache.commons.mail.EmailAttachment;
import org.apache.commons.mail.EmailException;
import org.apache.commons.mail.HtmlEmail;
import org.apache.log4j.Logger;

import com.sily.util.StringUtils;
import com.sily.validate.CheckValidateException;

/**
* 发送普通文本格式email
* 名称: SendMultiPartEmail
* 描述:
* 创建人: 吉仕军
* 创建时间: 2011-6-27 下午04:35:19
* 修改人:
* 修改时间:
* 修改备注:
* @version 1.0
*/
public class SendHtmlEmail{

//邮件编码
private String emailCode;
//邮件服务器
private String mailHost;
private String user;
private String password;
//收件人的列表key:mail value:用户名 不填为空
private Map<String,String> to = new HashMap<String,String>();
//发件人邮箱 用户名
private Map<String,String> from = new HashMap<String,String>();
//主题
private String subject;
//文本内容
private String msg;
//附件列表
private List<String> attaList;

public void setAttaList(List<String> attaList) {
	this.attaList = attaList;
}

private EmailAttachment attachment;

private  HtmlEmail email = new  HtmlEmail();

public SendHtmlEmail(String subject, String msg) {
	this.subject = subject;
	this.msg = msg;
}

public SendHtmlEmail(String emailCode, String mailHost, String user,
		String password, Map<String, String> to, Map<String, String> from,
		String subject, String msg,List<String> attaList) {
	super();
	this.emailCode = emailCode;
	this.mailHost = mailHost;
	this.user = user;
	this.password = password;
	this.to = to;
	this.from = from;
	this.subject = subject;
	this.msg = msg;
	this.attaList = attaList;
}

public void addAttachment(String path){
	if(null == this.attaList){
		this.attaList = new ArrayList<String>();
	}
	this.attaList.add(path);
}

private void emailAtta(String attaPath) throws EmailException, MalformedURLException{
	if(null == this.attachment){
		this.attachment = new EmailAttachment();
	}
	if(attaPath.indexOf("http://")> -1){
		URL url = new URL(attaPath);
		attachment.setURL(url);
		String name = attaPath.substring(attaPath.lastIndexOf("/")+1);
		attachment.setName(name);
		// 设置附件类型
		attachment.setDisposition(EmailAttachment.INLINE);
	}else{
		File file = new File(attaPath);
		attachment.setPath(file.getPath());
		attachment.setName(file.getName());
		// 设置附件类型
		attachment.setDisposition(EmailAttachment.ATTACHMENT);
	}
	// 设置附件描述
	attachment.setDescription("附件说明:"+attaPath);
	// 添加附件
	email.attach(attachment);
}

/**
 * 通过配置文件初始化发送邮件
 * 构造方法 SendSimpleEmail. 
 * 
 * @param configPath
 */
public void getInitDataByConfig(String configPath) throws CheckValidateException {
	File file = new File(configPath);
	Properties prop = new Properties();
	try {
		prop.load(new FileInputStream(file));
	} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
		Logger.getLogger("publish").error(e.getMessage(),e);
	} catch (IOException e) {
		Logger.getLogger("publish").error(e.getMessage(),e);
	}
	emailCode = prop.getProperty("emailCode");
	if(StringUtils.isNull(emailCode)){
		this.emailCode = "UTF-8";
		Logger.getLogger("publish").debug("邮件编码为空,默认为UTF-8");
	}
	mailHost = prop.getProperty("mailHost");
	checkProperties(mailHost,"邮件服务器不能为空");
	user = prop.getProperty("user");
	checkProperties(mailHost,"用户名不能为空");
	password = prop.getProperty("password");
	checkProperties(mailHost,"密码不能为空");
	String toStr = prop.getProperty("to");
	checkProperties(mailHost,"收件人不能为空");
	String[] toStrs = toStr.split(";");
	for (int i = 0; i < toStrs.length; i++) {
		String[] toInfo = toStrs[i].split("\\|");
		if(toInfo.length == 2){
			to.put(toInfo[0], toInfo[1]);
		}else if(toInfo.length == 1){
			to.put(toInfo[0], null);
		}else{
			throw new CheckValidateException("接收人信息不正确");
		}
	}
	String fromStr = prop.getProperty("from");
	checkProperties(mailHost,"发件人不能为空");
	String[] froms = fromStr.split("\\|");
	if(froms.length == 2){
		from.put(froms[0], froms[1]);
	}else if(froms.length == 1){
		from.put(froms[0], null);
	}else{
		throw new CheckValidateException("发收人信息不正确");
	}
}

private void checkProperties(String value,String msg) throws CheckValidateException{
	if(StringUtils.isNull(value)){
		throw new CheckValidateException(msg);
	}
}

/**
 *  初始化邮件发送信息
 * @throws EmailException
 */
public void initSend() throws EmailException{
	// 设置邮件编码
	email.setCharset(emailCode);
	// 设置邮件服务器
	email.setHostName(mailHost);
	// 设置登录邮件服务器用户名和密码
	email.setAuthentication(user, password);
	// 添加收件人
	Iterator<String> it = to.keySet().iterator();
	while(it.hasNext()){
		String key = it.next();
		String value = to.get(key);
		email.addTo(key, value);
	}
	// 设置发件人
	Iterator<String> it1 = from.keySet().iterator();
	while(it1.hasNext()){
		String key = it1.next();
		String value = from.get(key);
		email.setFrom(key,value);
	}
	
}

public void send() throws EmailException, MalformedURLException{
	initSend();
	// 设置邮件标题
	email.setSubject(subject);
	// 设置邮件正文内容
	email.setHtmlMsg(msg);
	
	if(null != this.attaList && !this.attaList.isEmpty()){
		for (int i = 0; i < this.attaList.size(); i++) {
			emailAtta(this.attaList.get(i));
		}
	}
	// 发送邮件
	email.send();
	
	disposeSend();
}

private void disposeSend(){
	if(null != to){
		to.clear();
	}
	if(null != from){
		from.clear();
	}
	if(null != this.attachment){
		attachment = null;
	}
	
	if(null != attaList){
		attaList.clear();
	}
}


public String getEmailCode() {
	return emailCode;
}


public void setEmailCode(String emailCode) {
	this.emailCode = emailCode;
}


public String getMailHost() {
	return mailHost;
}


public void setMailHost(String mailHost) {
	this.mailHost = mailHost;
}


public String getUser() {
	return user;
}


public void setUser(String user) {
	this.user = user;
}


public String getPassword() {
	return password;
}


public void setPassword(String password) {
	this.password = password;
}


public Map<String, String> getTo() {
	return to;
}


public void setTo(Map<String, String> to) {
	this.to = to;
}


public Map<String, String> getFrom() {
	return from;
}


public void setFrom(Map<String, String> from) {
	this.from = from;
}


public String getSubject() {
	return subject;
}


public void setSubject(String subject) {
	this.subject = subject;
}


public String getMsg() {
	return msg;
}


public void setMsg(String msg) {
	this.msg = msg;
}

}
//运行的main方法
public static void htmlAndAtta(){
String config = PublishResourceBundle.getResourcesAbsolutePath(“mail.properties”);
SendHtmlEmail sse = new SendHtmlEmail(“主题”,"(Hi, " +
“i’m sily.

html内容,文件格式没有变化,测试一下html格式的输出

”);
sse.getInitDataByConfig(config);
sse.addAttachment(“E:/ant_publish/AccountAdminLog.log”);
sse.addAttachment(“http://hiphotos.baidu.com/%CC%EC%C9%CF%B5%F4%BF%C3%B2%DD” +
“/pic/item/3c54ca2167d171a7e7cd40ee.jpg”);
try {
sse.send();
} catch (EmailException e) {
Logger.getLogger(“publish”).error(e.getMessage(),e);
} catch (MalformedURLException e) {
Logger.getLogger(“publish”).error(e.getMessage(),e);
}
}

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